Impetigo is a not-so-serious condition, but one that needs to be treated immediately once it is diagnosed, because of its highly contagious nature.
Impetigo is a skin disease that can get transmitted to others either by direct or indirect contact. It is caused by bacterial strains of both staphylococcus and/or streptococcus, and children are more commonly affected by it.
Impetigo is of two forms – non-bullous impetigo; and, bullous type impetigo. The non-bullous type is more popularly seen, which starts off as small inflamed skin elevations, with an appearance similar to an insect bite. These then change quickly to fluid-filled cysts that breaks open to eliminate its content within, then eventually dry up and harden to form a crust, which is usually yellowish in appearance or honey colored. Non-bullous impetigo can be caused by both staphylococcus as well as streptococcus bacteria.
On the other hand, bullous impetigo, which is a rare occurrence, is caused by only staphylococcus bacteria. This particular bacteria releases toxins that separate the top skin layer from the layer of skin lying beneath it, and then causes blisters to form.
When the nasal passage gets infected by this infection causing bacteria, it is then referred to as nasal impetigo. The mucous membranes lining the nasal cavity is usually where the bacteria begins to colonize, leading to the development of fluid-filled blisters and open sores about or within the nasal passage, which become rather difficult to treat because of its location. It is not just the nasal areas visible to one’s eye that becomes infected, but even the interior nasal passages and sinus cavities can develop the sores, which makes diagnosing and treating the condition rather challenging.
When a child gets infected by impetigo in the nose, it is likely that they will continue to scratch and pick at the sores; and when their hands are not washed clean after this action of theirs, the infection tends to spread to other body areas. Also, with continuous digging into nose, the sores will remain open for long, which will only extend the recovery time.
Symptoms of Nasal Impetigo
The main characteristic of nasal impetigo is pimple-like bumps, and open sores seen around and within the nasal passage, accompanied by pain in the nose and sinus cavities.
Causes of Nasal Impetigo
Irritated or injured skin around the nasal passage can allow bacteria to enter and bring about the infection. Allergies and even common cold that can make the skin surrounding the nose raw and sore can also possibly trigger impetigo.
Treating Nasal Impetigo Naturally
The goal of treatment will be to reduce bacterial colonization in the nose and the spread of infection by using antibiotic topical applicants. Generally, 2% mupirocin cream is prescribed which will need to be applied inside the nose three times in a day for a five-day period. If the condition is seen recurrently appearing, then this treatment will have to be repeated every month.
However, repeated antibiotic use has a lot of side effects.
Natural ingredients are safe for long time use, and in this case –
– Application of peppermint oil will help in reducing the soreness and itchiness.
– In order to keep the skin well moisturized at all times, the use of jojoba oil is recommended. It also helps in healing cracked skin faster.
– For cell reconstruction, applying beeswax, which is a rich source of natural vitamin A, will help.
In order to prevent the spread of infection, the patient should not be allowed to come in contact with other individuals, and even not share their clothes and personal care items with other family members.