Individuals who suffer from, or who have suffered from, some form of dermatitis are likely to develop an infectious skin condition known as impetigo more easily, when they come in contact with the bacteria causing it.
Impetigo is a contagious skin disorder that is caused by staphylococcus bacteria, and very rarely by, streptococcus pyogenes bacterial strain. Broken skin caused by other skin abnormalities like eczema, or a minor cut, abrasion, etc., will pave the way for bacteria to enter the epidermis and trigger an episode of impetigo. The infection is characterized by the appearance of small pimple-like skin protuberances that swiftly turns into a blister, containing watery liquid which begins to weep when broken open. The fluid exuded dries up, hardens and form scabs. The crusts formed are usually honey colored.
Impetigo can infect healthy skin as well, that has no injury or damage. This skin infection usually begins on the face first, particularly on the lower margins of the nose and on either sides of the mouth. Generally, surrounding the existing impetigo patches, smaller patches will appear, gradually expanding over a larger area of skin. This makes it important to diagnose the problem and check the bacterial growth early on.
Young children and those individuals, who have a suppressed immune system due to other bodily disorders, are likely to suffer from this contagious skin disorder. Caring for the skin carefully and painstakingly is important to prevent the spread of infection.
Creams for Impetigo
Actually, even with no treatment measures taken, it is possible for impetigo to clear up on its own within a couple of weeks’ time. However, getting it treated promptly is recommended because of its highly contagious nature.
Since this disorder is caused by bacteria, antibiotics are used, which are of different types working in different ways to kill the bacteria. Antibiotics are available in pill form or as creams, both of which help the body’s immune system to ward off the infection. And since impetigo is usually a superficial skin infection, topical antibiotic applicants are usually first tried in an attempt to cure it.
The usual creams used for impetigo treatment are as follows –
– Mupirocin or Bactroban – this works by destroying certain proteins that are needed for the survival of this particular bacterial strain.
– Fusidic acid or Fucidin – stops bacterial growth.
– Erythromycin or Erythrocin – checks bacterial growth.
Fusidic acid is more popularly used that is marketed under the brand name of Fucidin. This generally works well in clearing the infection.However, people who have had a prior case of bacterial skin infection are likely to find that Fucidin does not help them in clearing their impetigo as expected. This is because the bacteria would have developed resistance to this particular form of antibiotic cream, which no longer will be able to destroy the bacteria. Hence, when fusidic acid has already been used to treat a skin infection, one should refrain from using this to cure their impetigo, for it is more likely that the bacteria would have developed resistance to it already.
Before applying any type of antibiotic applicants, it is vital to clean the infected skin areas with a soapy solution and water, and attempt to remove the scabs off. This is done so to allow the antibiotic cream to penetrate through the infected skin and kill the bacteria.