Bacterial infections of skin are usually seen after some form of skin damage occurs, especially those injuries that allow the entry of bacteria into skin causing the infection.
Impetigo is a bacterial infection affecting the superficial surface of skin. It is caused by staphylococcus aureus or streptococcus pyogenes, and is easily spread by simple skin contact. This is a skin infection that brings about fluid-filled skin elevations known as blisters. These break up and ooze out fluid, which will crust to form scabs, and are usually honey colored.
Impetigo generally affects the facial areas, with the rash commonly seen developing around the corners of nose and mouth. It can occur on the arms and legs as well, but this is a rare occurrence.
Children more popularly develop this infection during their early developmental ages, but it is not uncommon for young adults and older people to be diagnosed with this condition as well.
Impetigo is of two types – the bullous type and the non-bullous type. The latter is the most common type. In the case of bullous impetigo, the blisters do not open up easily and tend to last for a longer time. These appear more commonly on skin folds, and on the back, stomach, and chest areas.
– Fluid filled small skin elevations with an inflamed appearance
– Scabs formed over the skin bumps when broken open, turning yellow in color
– Sometimes, swelling of lymph nodes will be noted as well
Causes of Impetigo
– Lack of proper personal hygiene
– Skin-to-skin contact with an infected person
– Any disease conditions that lowers one’s immune levels
– Medications that can suppress the functions of the immune system
Treatment for Facial Impetigo
The best treatment for impetigo affecting the facial areas is the application of mild antibiotic creams that have the ability to check the spread of infection as well as to kill the bacteria causing the infection.
The use of antibiotic topical creams is effective in clearing impetigo affecting a very small skin area. The cream application should be done after washing the area clean with a soapy solution and removing any scabs off, to allow the cream penetrate through skin better. Fucidin or fusidic acid cream is used normally, which has to be applied three times in a day to perceive any kind of improvement.
In the case of treating bullous impetigo type, then a course of antibiotic pills to be taken over a period of seven days is usually required, for they do not clear up very easily with just antibiotic applicants. Also, when the non-bullous type seems to be covering a very large area of skin, then prescribing antibiotic pills becomes necessary to help in better healing.
Treating impetigo immediately, no matter what the type may be, or which area is infected, is important to avoid spreading the infection to others. There are also certain other actions that need to be carried out to check its spread, such as –
– Refraining from sharing personal care items with the infected person
– The patient’s bed linen, everyday clothes, and towels to be laundered in hot water everyday
– If the infected skin area is scratched, hands must be washed thoroughly immediately
– Hands should be washed after every time topical creams are applied
– It is best to keep the infected skin area covered with a sterile bandage
One should see some kind of improvement in their impetigo skin condition a couple of days after the commencement of treatment. If not, then their family doctor must be noted about this immediately in order to look for other treatment options.
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